Interim results from the ongoing clinical study are summarized below:
In the first dose cohort of part IV of the ongoing study, 16 HCV patients were enrolled with multiple genotypes, 10 GT1s, 5 GT3s, and 1 GT4. 14 patients, 8 naïve and 6 patients who experienced viral relapse after a prior IFN-containing regimen, received a single subcutaneous dose of 2 mg/kg of RG-101 as monotherapy while 2 patients received placebo.
"We are very excited to have demonstrated our first human proof-of-concept results with a microRNA therapeutic from the ongoing study of RG-101, which is a significant milestone in Regulus' history, and represents a key achievement under our 'Clinical Map Initiative'," said
"RG-101 is the first microRNA therapeutic in clinical development to combine the most advanced RNA technologies from three leading RNA therapeutics companies; chemistry 2.5 from Isis, GalNAc conjugate from Alnylam, and Regulus' unique and proprietary chemistry including the novel linker that facilitates the release of the parent oligonucleotide after hepatocyte uptake," said
"We are very pleased and encouraged with the interim results and believe these findings strongly support the rapid advancement of RG-101 into Phase II development," said
"The efficacy and sustained viral response seen with a single dose of RG-101 is very promising and it was encouraging to see response across a diversity of genotypes and treatment experience in this clinical trial. Additionally, all patients in the first cohort on active therapy demonstrated a viral response to RG-101, which is also very encouraging," said Dr.
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About RG-101 for HCV
RG-101 is a wholly-owned, GalNAc-conjugated anti-miR targeting miR-122 for the treatment of HCV. Regulus is currently evaluating RG-101 in an ongoing study being conducted in the Netherlands. The study has the following four parts: (I) a single ascending-dose study in which healthy volunteer subjects receive a single subcutaneous dose of RG-101, 0.5 mg/kg, 1 mg/kg, 2 mg/kg, 4 mg/kg and 8 mg/kg or placebo; (II) a multiple-ascending dose study in which healthy volunteer subjects receive a monthly single subcutaneous dose for four months of RG-101 or placebo; (III) a single-dose drug-drug interaction study in which healthy volunteer subjects receive a single subcutaneous dose of RG-101 in combination with simeprevir, an approved DAA; and (IV) a single-dose study in which HCV patients receive either a single subcutaneous dose of RG-101 or placebo at two doses, 2 mg/kg of RG-101 (the first dose cohort) or 4 mg/kg of RG-101 (the second dose cohort), to assess the safety and viral load reduction. The primary objective is to evaluate safety and tolerability and the secondary objectives are to evaluate pharmacokinetics, viral load reduction and any impact an oral DAA, such as simeprevir, may have on the pharmacokinetics of RG-101. Up to 100 healthy volunteer subjects and HCV patients with multiple HCV genotypes and treatment history are planned to be enrolled.
Today, Regulus reported interim results from the above study and plans to report additional results from the ongoing study in 2015.
The discovery of microRNAs in humans during the last decade is one of the most exciting scientific breakthroughs in recent history. microRNAs are small RNA molecules, typically 20 to 25 nucleotides in length, that do not encode proteins but instead regulate gene expression. More than 800 microRNAs have been identified in the human genome, and over two-thirds of all human genes are believed to be regulated by microRNAs. A single microRNA can regulate entire networks of genes. As such, these molecules are considered master regulators of the human genome. microRNA expression, or function, has been shown to be significantly altered or dysregulated in many disease states, including oncology, fibrosis, metabolic diseases, immune-inflammatory diseases and HCV. Targeting microRNAs with anti-miRs, chemically modified, single-stranded oligonucleotides, offers a unique approach to treating disease by modulating entire biological pathways and may become a new and major class of drugs with broad therapeutic application.
About Hepatitis C Virus Infection (HCV)
Hepatitis C is a result of a hepatocyte specific infection induced by the virus known as HCV. Chronic HCV may lead to significant liver disease, including chronic active hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Up to 170 million people are chronically infected with HCV worldwide, and more than 350,000 people die from HCV annually. The CDC estimates that there are currently approximately 3.2 million persons infected with HCV in the United States. HCV shows significant genetic variation in worldwide populations due to its frequent rates of mutation and rapid evolution. There are six genotypes of HCV, with several subtypes within each genotype, which vary in prevalence across the different regions of the world. The response to treatment varies from individual to individual underscoring the inadequacy of existing therapies and highlights the need for combination therapies that not only target the virus but endogenous host factors as well, such as microRNA-122.
Regulus believes that its' miR-122 antagonist, RG-101, may be a useful agent in emerging combination regimens to address difficult-to-treat genotypes and to potentially expand upon the current therapies available to clinicians treating HCV patients.
Update to the 'Clinical Map Initiative'
For more information, please visit http://www.regulusrx.com.
Statements contained in this presentation regarding matters that are not historical facts are "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including the expected ability of Regulus to undertake certain activities and accomplish certain goals with respect to RG-101, the projected timeline of clinical development activities related to RG-101, and expectations regarding future therapeutic and commercial potential with respect to RG-101. Because such statements are subject to risks and uncertainties, actual results may differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. Words such as "believes," "anticipates," "plans," "expects," "intends," "will," "goal," "potential" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are based upon
Regulus' current expectations and involve assumptions that may never materialize or may prove to be incorrect. Actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated in such forward-looking statements as a result of various risks and uncertainties, which include, without limitation, risks associated with the process of discovering, developing and commercializing drugs that are safe and effective for use as human therapeutics, and in the endeavor of building a business around such drugs. These and other risks concerning Regulus' are described in additional detail in Regulus filings with the
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